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   Introduction
 
1.
Potential Observer & Staff Officers Course (POSOC) will be conducted by Institute of Peace Support Operations Training Sri Lanka (IPSOTSL) as per the instructions given by Directorate of Training. A good team of well motivated/devoted instructors with vast experience in UN assignments is looking forward to welcome you to IPSOTSL. Captains and Majors from Army will undergo this training as detailed by respective regiments & selected by D TRG with competitive examination systems.
   
2. POSOC requires a lot of attention and to ensure. Good course, Performance, your active participation during the lessons and your socializing with other students is highly expected. The course curriculum has been designed in such a fashion so that students can have a fair idea of a possible United Nations mission environment where he is likely to be deployed in future. Hopefully, POSOC will give you sufficient knowledge of what may be expected to excel in a Peace Support Operation and will prepare you with adequate tool to handle difficult and unexpected situations. IPSOTSL is committed to make a difference.
 
   Location of IPSOTSL
 
 
IPSOTSL is situated at Kukuleganga approximately 110 km from the city of Colombo, Sri Lanka adjacent to the Hydro Power Station with a beautiful panoramic range of mountains covered with natural forest and a water fall.
   
  Institute of Peace Support Operations Training Sri Lanka
 
   
  Road Network to IPSOTSL
 
 
 
   Training Timings
 
4.
Working days in the institution are from Monday to Friday. Training period starts at 0800 hours and terminates at 1630 hours. For outdoor exercise or night training, separate timings will appear in the training program.
   
   Chain of Command
 
5.
All requests and reporting will be through the proper chain of comd. That is the senior most officer of the course. Nothing should be forwarded through other channels.
   
   Dress
 
6.
Students are required to bring following dresses:
   
(a) Working dress (No 6/6A).
(b) Uniform for out door ex (camouflage).
(c) Sports kit and necessary civil clothes.
(d) No 5 dress for Opening / Closing address.
 
   Accommodation
 
7.
Officers will be accommodated at IPSOTSL. All rooms are furniture with necessary items of furniture and beddings. No accommodation for student's family will be provided by the institution.
   
   IMessing
 
8.
Officers will dine in the offrs mess. Mess bill will be served on monthly basis. Officers are required to settle the mess bill by cash. No cheques will be accepted.
   
   Medical
 
9.
Government Hospital Baduraliya, will provide necessary medical support. However, students will be referred to Military Hospital, Colombo if necessary. All students are required to submit a medical fitness certificate on arrival at the centre.
   
   Bar
 
10.
Bar will be closed for the Student Officers through out the course.
   
   Leave/Weekend
 
11.
Leave will not be granted during training period except on extreme compassionate ground. However students may be granted permission to be away from the stn during weekends with permission if permitted by IPSOTSL authority depending on their course activities.
   
   Transport
 
12.
Request for personnel use of transport is discouraged. However request for group administration requirements may be considered depending on the availability of transport.
   
   Telephone
 
13.
Telephone and Fax facilities are available in the institute on payment basis. Some of the important telephone numbers in the IPSOTSL are;
   
 
(a) Commandant - 0343342706
(b). Chief Instructor - 0343342700
(c) SO II/SO III - 0343342707
(d) OC - 0343342701
(e) Exchange - 0342236532
(f) IPSOTSL Fax - 0342236542
   
   E-mail Address
 
14.
E-mail address is ipsotslkkg@yahoo.com & ipsotsl@army.lk
Web site is www. army.lk/ipsotsl
   
   Internet Facility
 
15.
Internet facility is not avai1able. The process of the cyber café will commence in future.
   
   Postal
 
16.
All postal facilities are available at the local post office outside the institution. The postal address of Institution of Peace Support Operations Training Sri Lanka is;
   
  Institute of Peace Support Operations Training Sri Lanka
Army Camp
Kukuleganga
Molkawa
   
   Laundry
 
17.
Laundry facilities are made available at the institute.
   
   Guests
 
18.
Officers may entertain their guests in the offrs mess with the permission of the Commandant. No lady guest is allowed in the living accommodation.
   
   Stationery.
 
19.
Officers are to bring their own stationary. Certain stationary Items are available in the canteen.
   
   Queries
 
20.
For any query General Staff Officer III may be contacted.
   
   BLOCK SYLLABUS
 
21.
Laundry facilities are made available at the institute.
i.

General: The role, task and whole matrix of peacekeeping are becoming multidimensional and there is a greater requirement for improved training standard for peacekeepers. Before embarking upon peacekeeping operations on ground, there is a need to conduct comprehensive training package for peacekeepers in achieving the required skills and standard to deal with multi dimensional problems. To meet this challenge Potential Observer and Staff Officers Course (POSOC) is conducted mainly for selected potential observers and staff officers for 2 1/2 weeks package. Mainly officers of Armed Forces are the students of this course.

   
ii.
Aim: To train the officers so as to enable them to perform the duties of United Nations Military Observer (UNMO) and UN staff officer in the UN field environment.
   
iii. Training Objectives: Upon completion of the course, all students mainly will:
 
(a)
Be familiar with UN in general, UN Organization, UN Charter, Universal Declaration of Human Rights and associated treaties and different peace partners.
(b)
Understand negotiation, liaison and mediation, media management, mine awareness and first aid, hygiene and sanitation.
(c)
Be able to execute/prepare investigation and verification, observation and monitoring, patrolling, other UN operations techniques and report and returns.
(d)
Acquire knowledge and skills on handling of Global Position System (GPS), computer, driving and communication as expected of an UNMO/UN staff officer.
(e)
Gather knowledge with sharing experiences and discussions on the critical lessons learned from various UN Peace Support Operations (PSO).
(f)
Be able to analyze different situations, cultural aspects, code of conduct and gender issues in mission area.
(g)
Understand the Geneva Convention and law of armed conflict.
   
iv
Time Calculation: Fol terms and reference are considered to find out the number of period available for the training:
 
(a) Duration - 18 days
(b) No of working days - 14 days
(c) No of periods in a day - 09 periods
(d) No of periods available for trg - 126 periods
   
v.
Conclusion: The tour of duty for UN mission is for one year. While performing duties in mission area a UNMOs/UN Staff Officers invariably encounter different situations specific to the area of deployment and would gather wide range of experiences. Since this training is designed to impart knowledge only on UN standard procedure. it is expected that the participants will continue their learning up to the last day of their duties and contribute in maintaining world peace.
   
vi
ROUTINE: Working days in the IPSOTSL are from Monday to Saturday. Sunday is generally considered a holiday and for POSOC course Saturday too is considered a holiday to give officers enough time for preparation for individual and group presentations. The daily routine is as follows:
   
 
(a) 0600 - 0645 PT
(b) 0700 - 0800 Breakfast
(c) 0815 - 0855 1st Period
(d) 0855 - 0935 2nd Period
(e) 0935 –1015 3rd Period
(f) 1015 - 1030 Tea Break
(g) 1030 - 1110 4th Period
(h) 1110 - 1150 5th Period
(I) 1150 - 1230 6th Period
(j) 1230 - 1310 7th Period
(k). 1310 - 1400 Lunch
(l) 1400 - 1440 8th Period
(m) 1440 - 1520 9th Period
(n) 1520 - 1540 Tea Break
(o) 1550 - 1630 OTW
(p) 1630 - 1800 Recreation
   
   SUBJECTS
 
22.
Subject Codes.
   
 
(a) (b) (c)
1 UN SFP UN structure functions and purpose.
2 ODR Military observer duties and responsibilities.
3 NML Negotiation, mediation and liaison procedures.
4 ADMIN Administration, pay and logistics.
5 DVR Basic driving, maintenance and vehicle recovery operations.
6 COMM Communication and radio procedures.
7 MED Medical and MEDEVAC.
8 MINE Mine awareness and explosive ordnance disposal (EOD).
9 PSS Personal survival skills.
10 HR Human rights.
11 STX Situational Training Ex
12 MISC Miscellaneous
   
  BLOCK SYLLABUS
 
(a) (b)
1 UN system and UN Peace Keeping Operations
2 Military observer duties and responsibilities.
3 Negotiation, mediation and media engagement.
4 Administration, pay and logistics.
5 Basic driving, maintenance and vehicle recovery operations.
6 Communications and radio procedures.
7 Medical procedure and MEDEVAC.
8 Mine awareness and EOD.
9 Personal survival skills.
10 Human rights.
11 STX
12 Misc
   
  DETAIL SYLLABUS
   
UN SYSTEM AND UN PEACE KEEPING OPERATIONS
   
  Learning Objectives:
   
1. Officers should be able to understand the gen back ground, history, organization and functions of the UN.
2. Officers should know the political implications that lead to the use of military personnel in peacekeeping missions.
3. Officers should understand the legal status and other aspects related to UN operations.
   
  Subject Code : UN SFP
 
Ser Lesson
(a) (b)
1 Introduction to the UN System
2 UN Charter and International Peace and Security
3 Principles, concept and types of PSO
4 Legal framework of UNPKO including ROE
5 Structure of UN PKO
6 UN peace partners
7 Command and Control in UN PKO
8 Current UN PKO & Sri Lanka participation
   
UN MILITARY OBSERVER DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
   
  Learning Objectives :
   
1. Officers will have a working proficiency of the basic military observer duties and responsibilities.
2.
Officers will be familiar with the principal duties of UNMOs including observing, reporting, patrolling, Check Point (CP) and Observation Post (OP) procedures, verification and monitoring, investigation, briefing procedures and leading team operations.
   
  Subject Code : ODR
   
 
Ser Lesson
(a) (b)
1 Techniques and execution of peacekeeping.
2 Patrolling.
3 Check Points.
4 Observation Posts.
5 Route recce.
6 Investigation/verification and reporting.
7 Different UN reports/returns/forms and prep of SITREP.
8 Convoy protection
9 Manning of operations room (Ops Room).
10 Briefing and staff skills and preparation of a brief
11 Code of conduct and Do’s and Don’ts of UN peacekeepers.
12 Conduct with parties to conflict.
13 Air op, air recce and air craft recognition
14 Cultural awareness
15 Gender and Child Protection in peacekeeping
16 Electoral assistance
17 UN Civil Military Coordination (CIMIC)
18 Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR)
   
NEGOTIATION, MEDIATION AND MEDIA ENGAGEMENT
   
  Learning Objectives:
   
1.
Officers will be able to negotiate in a wide range of operational situations using the mission mandate and agreements.
2. Officers should understand effective liaison techniques which require sensitivities to local customs, traditions, language and religions as well as cultural awareness.
3.
Officers must be skilled at enhancing and maintaining impartiality and objectivity in order to successfully mediate, negotiate, manage and avert potential crises.
   
  Subject Code : NML
 
Ser Lesson
(a) (b)
1 Negotiation, liaison, mediation and use of interpreter.
2 Media Engagement.
3 Civil Disorder
   
   
ADMINISTRATION, PAY AND LOGISTICS
   
  Learning Objectives
   
1. Officers will understand the UN administration procedures, pay and allowances and the logistics system.
   
  Subject Code : ADMIN
 
Ser Lesson
(a) (b)
1
Pay and allowances, leave, messing arrangement and other logistic support including death, injuries and serious illness.
2 UN logistics system.
   
BASIC DRIVING, MAINTENANCE AND VEHICLE RECOVERY OPERATIONS
   
  Learning Objectives
   
1. Officers will be proficient in basic wheeled vehicle operating, off-road driving techniques, vehicle maintenance and recovery /towing techniques.
   
  Subject Code : DVR
 
Ser Lesson
(a) (b)
1 UN vehicle regulations.
2 Familiarization with left hand driven vehicles.
3 Driver pre-checks.
4 Forward marching, gear shifting, control of clutch, speeding, overtaking, use of brake, parking etc.
5 Stopping on a slope (uphill and down hill) and remaining static.
6 3 point turn.
7 Edge reversing.
8 Garaging and parking.
9 Highway driving, lane changing and turning.
10 Traffic rules and international highway code.
11 Night Driving.
12 Tyre changing.
   
COMMUNICATIONS AND RADIO PROCEDURES
   
  Learning Objectives
   
1.
Officers will be proficient in basic tactical and commercial communications systems typically used in msn areas ; skilled in verbal and written communication in the mission language ; proficient in using UN mission standard report formats and trouble shooting basic communication systems problems.
   
  Subject Code: COMM
 
Ser Lesson
(a) (b)
1 UN Communications procedures and use of communications equipment.
   
MEDICAL PROCEDURE AND MEDEVAC
   
  Learning Objectives
   
1. Officers should be proficient in basic first aid and life-saving procedures as well as skilled in the use of coping mechanisms – fitness, stress relief, hygiene - to sustain themselves in the mission area.
   
  Subject Code: MED
 
Ser Lesson
(a) (b)
1 Stress management
2 Head, spinal and mine injury, use and application of field dressing on wounds.
3 Fracture treatment including improvised splint, hemorrhage control by use of pressure points
4 CPR, heat stroke and poisons treatment
5 STD and AIDS.
6 CASEVAC/MEDVAC.
   
MINE AWARENESS AND EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL (EOD)
   
  Learning Objectives
   
1. Officers will be proficient in dealing with the mines, minefield and explosive devices and avoidance measures.
   
  Subject Code: MINE
 
Ser Lesson
(a) (b)
1 Mine awareness and booby traps (Recognition of mines and minefield markings and where to expect mine and booby traps)
2 Conduct in mine affected areas (Removal of casualties from mined area)
   
PERSONAL SURVIVAL SKILLS
   
  Learning Objectives
   
1.
Learning ObjectiOfficers will be proficient on basic skills related to their survival once deployed in the mission area and while conducting patrols or other activities which may increase the likelihood of their contact with un-cooperating belligerents.es
   
  Subject Code: PSS
 
Ser Lesson
(a) (b)
1 Tactics and modus operandi of militant groups
2 Reaction to sniper fire and ambush
3 General safety measures.
4 Basic survival techniques and skills
5 Hostage/hijack survival skills
   
HUMAN RIGHTS
   
1.
Officers will have broad knowledge on Human Rights and their application, Law of Armed Conflict and their application in a msn area.
   
  Subject Code: HR
 
Ser Lesson
(a) (b)
1 The Law of Armed Conflict
2 Human rights/ Humanitarian assistance
3 Child protection
4 IDP & Refugees
   
SITUATIONAL TRAINING EXERCISE
   
  Subject Code: STX
 
Ser Lesson
(a) (b)
1 FTX on GPS /compass
2 STX on Ptl and Survival
3 STX on UN ops tech (Final Ex)
   
MISCELLANEOUS
   
  Subject Code: MISC
 
Ser Lesson
(a) (b)
1 Opening address by Commandant
2 Course briefing by Chief Instructor
3 Ice breaking (Meet your course mates)
4 Students presentation
5 Individual Case Study Viva
6 Examination
7 Mission experience of UNMOs
8 Disposal (Exercise briefing/Self study/GPS training/Visit to Dam
9 Computer Handling
10 Film show on “No man’s land”
11 Closing address and certificate awarding ceremony
   
   
   
  Commandant-IPSOTSL
   MAJOR GENERAL PI PATHIRATNE
 Chief Instructor -IPSOTSL
   Lt Col WAJ Hemachandra RSP psc GR
 
 
 
 

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